New OS would run Windows programs at half the cost

Michael Robertson’s last startup,, helped ignite the digital music revolution, attracting a big buzz and lawsuits from major record labels. Robertson’s latest gig is no less ambitious: an operating system called Lindows that aims to run programs designed for Microsoft’s Windows.

The gist: No Microsoft purchase necessary. Lindows is being built to run on the open-source Linux platform, meaning it would be an attractive option for cash-strapped schools. Inc. is attracting considerable attention—and skepticism—just months after it was announced. It is also fighting its first lawsuit, from Microsoft, for alleged trademark infringement.

“Anytime you’re trying to change the world, you’re going to encounter challenges,” said Robertson, who sold last year to Vivendi Universal SA but still serves as an adviser.

If delivered as promised, Lindows could do nothing less than crack Microsoft’s monopoly on business and home operating systems—in effect, succeed where antitrust regulators so far have failed.

If Lindows works, it would provide an alternative that is easy to use and runs efficiently but costs about half the full retail price of the home edition of Windows XP and plays well with real Windows-based systems.

And if it wins customers, it could open up a vast library of Linux software and opportunities for programmers in the open-source community. But those are big “ifs.”

Lindows has offered few details about its product. On Jan. 24, it offered a $99 download of a “Sneak Preview” on condition the information not be made public. Public releases are expected later this year.

Even if Lindows works, analysts question whether it will find traction among consumers who have largely rejected attempts to make Linux palatable for the masses.

Linux, after all, has not made headway into desktop PCs despite low costs, user-friendly desktop environments, and programs that claim to be compatible with Windows, including Sun Microsystems’ Star Office. It may simply be too difficult.

“Look at Star Office. Here’s something that’s already interoperable with the world-accepted standard of Microsoft products,” said Matthew Berk of Jupiter Media Metrix. “Why hasn’t it found wider adoption?”

Since 1993, a loose community of Linux and other Unix programmers in the so-called Wine project have been working on free software that allows Windows-based programs to run in Linux.

Despite all that effort, Wine remains difficult to use and is far from 100-percent compatible.

Lindows will use components of Wine but also is improving them, Robertson said. The new operating system promises much greater simplicity than any other Linux distribution and file navigation that is familiar to Windows users.

Lindows also will have a more liberal licensing policy. With one license, users can legally copy Lindows to a home PC, laptop, and work or school computer. Microsoft would charge for each.

Lindows is attempting to accomplish its goals without any help from Microsoft. Analysts wonder whether that may be too big a task for its two-dozen employees and limited funding.

“It’s not just a matter of watching how [Windows] works,” Berk said. “I think you need to have a relationship there.”

Microsoft, for instance, could make changes to its operating system or its programs that render Lindows obsolete.

But Robertson might have an ally in the suggested remedies proposed by state attorneys general who are not adhering to the proposed antitrust settlement between Microsoft and the federal government.

The dissenting states want Microsoft to be forced to share more of the inner workings of Windows and other programs.

So far, Microsoft isn’t saying much about Lindows beyond its trademark infringement lawsuit, which was filed in December.

“If Lindows were to cease using the name Lindows, then we would have no problem at all with the product itself,” said Microsoft spokesman Jon Murchinson.

Related links:

Wine Project

Microsoft Corp.

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