Apple gives away its OS X to educators

Through a new program called “X [Ten] for Teachers,” Apple Computer is giving away a free copy of its Mac OS X version 10.2 operating system, also known as “Jaguar,” to every K-12 teacher in the country who requests one.

Apple says the move is intended to give Mac-using educators an easy way to upgrade to the quicker, more versatile Jaguar OS. But some see the announcement as an attempt to revive Apple’s standing in the education market, once a mainstay of the company.

The pledge marks the end of a three-year lull in charitable donations from the company to educators, touched off in 1999 by the discontinuation of its $30 million Education Grants program. The Oct. 17 announcement came just one day after the company released its fourth quarter results, in which poor education sales contributed to a worse-than-expected $45 million net loss.

The loss doesn’t bode well for Apple’s standing in the education space, which market research firm Eduventures Inc. reports has slipped to second behind Texas-based Dell Computer Corp.

“Apple wants to make it as easy as possible for teachers to make the move to OS X. With features that can assist in the teaching, learning, schooling, and everything around the classroom, Jaguar is a huge winner for education,” said an Apple spokesman.

Teachers who request the free OS also will receive Apple’s iPhoto, iMovie, and iTunes applications, each of which lets educators integrate the use of digital media into classroom presentations and technology projects.

Other functions include a new eMail application that automatically filters out and flags junk mail; an address book to organize school, student, and parent contacts; a Universal Access feature that provides additional functions for disabled users; and a new compatibility environment called “Classic,” which lets educators run older Mac OS 9 applications seamlessly across the new Jaguar system.

Recognizing that the onslaught of new features might prove to be too much for less tech-savvy educators, the company also will include a free training CD, so educators won’t waste time tripping over Jaguar’s technological nuts and bolts.

“Getting Jaguar and a training CD for free makes it easy for teachers to move to Mac OS X, so they can spend more time using technology in the classroom and less time making it all work,” said John Couch, Apple’s vice president of education.

Eduventures senior analyst Jim McVety said the company’s sudden generosity is indicative of a sweeping trend in the marketplace. “Hardware and software providers are trying to offer a more comprehensive set of solutions,” he said. “It helps redefine the brand in terms of what Apple can offer.”

If that’s the case, than a similar argument could be made for Apple’s new .Mac for Education initiative. The subscription-based service, which replaces the company’s old iTools suite, sells for $59 and includes applications for additional storage, eMail, virus detection, system back-ups, and web-page publishing.

“Apple is saying, ‘We’re not just a desktop provider—we are now an applications provider, too,'” McVety said.

But whether the company is looking to help its customers or simply to help itself, at least one educator says Apple already has done more for education than any other player in the field.

“Other companies aren’t even in the ballgame,” said Larry Anderson, a long-time Mac enthusiast, who is founder and director of the National Center for Technology Planning.

Anderson said ongoing initiatives like Apple’s Distinguished Educator program have successfully helped promote the integration of technology into the classroom.

When it comes to new technologies, “it’s almost like teachers are behind an information firewall,” Anderson said. According to him, Apple’s “X for Teachers” provides the means for educators to move beyond those barriers.

Others say it’ll take more than a free operating system for Apple to regain its position as the market leader in education.

“For those who use Macs, this is a great way for Apple to keep customers … and will reinforce for the zealots that every educator should use a Mac,” said Marc Liebman, superintendent of the Marysville Joint Unified School District in California. “As for causing PC [users] to change, I doubt it. There is just not enough there to justify changing platforms.”

Educators who wish to take advantage of Apple’s “X for Teachers” program have until Dec. 31. The OS X software is configured to run on virtually all Apple models introduced after May 1998, assuming the machines have at least 128 megabytes of memory available, Apple said.


Apple Computer Inc.

Dell Computer Corp.

Eduventures Inc.

eSchool News Staff

Want to share a great resource? Let us know at