The Los Angeles Times reports that a local community college has been accused of inflating its enrollment figures for noncredit computer courses in order to qualify for additional state funding. By boasting higher enrollments, Los Angeles Mission College was able to receive and extra $5.73 million over five years. (Note: This site requires registration.)
eWeek’s The Channel Insider reports that the United Federation of Teachers, that largest union local in the world, is taking advantage of technology to make its services more efficient. UFT now offers web-based course enrollment and online access to health beneifts. “With our growing membership, the time to rethink the delivery of services and information could wait no longer,” said Joe Vigilante, the UFT’s director of information services.
The Sonoma Index-Tribune of Sonoma, Calif., reports on a local professional development course called “Earn While You Learn.” The course helps K-12 teachers learn about technology so they can pass that knowledge on to students. Teachers in the program are paid a stipend of $5,000 for spending three weeks in the program. They must turn in an final project to qualify for the stipend.
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Superintendent Joe Redden is recommending a $69.9 million lease agreement with Apple Computer to provide more than 63,000 wireless laptops to teachers and students in Georgia’s Cobb County School District. If approved by the school board on March 9, Cobb County’s “Power to Learn” program will be among the largest one-to-one learning projects in the United States.
The price tag for the program, which is scheduled to be implemented in three phases, could amount to more than $88 million, but in March, the Cobb County school board is being asked to consider the $69.9 million commitment expected to take the program through its first four years. Additional funding would be needed in the out years. Redden told eSchool News he is asking the board to approve the program one phase at a time.
After a series of intense negotiations that included bids from Dell, IBM, and Hewlett-Packard, Redden and his team announced Apple‘s selection on Feb. 9, citing a tentative four-year agreement that reportedly would provide 63,000 iBook G4 laptop computers, including software, maintenance, and training at $350 annually per machine.
Inspired by a handful of large-scale, one-to-one initiatives currently under way in such places as Maine, Michigan, and Henrico County, Va., the Cobb County venture would be among the first in the nation to provide laptop computers to both middle school and high school students. Though such programs have usually been launched in lower grades–thanks to smaller enrollments and more structured learning environments–officials in Cobb County want to get laptops into the hands of older learners, too–many of whom will rely on the technology as they enroll in college and enter the workforce.
Pending board approval, the Power to Learn program would be rolled out in three phases, with the first notebook computers being issued to teachers in this spring. As part of this initial phase, the district also plans to designate four schools, “or demonstration sites,” to test the program. The pilot sites would begin using the laptops by fall 2005 to conduct teacher training and explore classroom uses of the technology.
Staring in 2006, phase II would distribute the wireless notebook computers to every high school student in the district, providing that their schools have met the necessary readiness requirements, including the proper amount of staff training and infrastructure development.
The last phase of the program would put laptops in the hands of every middle school student in the district, though school system officials caution that each phase “will move forward pending school board approval.”
|One-to-one computing could become the standard in Cobb County, Ga., if the district gets an expected 63,000 wireless iBooks. (Photo courtesy Apple Computer)|
Heading into the critical approval process, Redden has expressed confidence that the school board will support the program.
“The Power to Learn program represents a tremendous step forward for education in Cobb County,” he said in a statement. “Our school board members have demonstrated that their vision of educational excellence goes beyond doing things the way that they’ve always been done. Real leadership is about using the best technology available to help students learn in new and better ways.”
To promote what Redden calls “anytime, anywhere learning,” each machine will be equipped with a bundled software package that includes Apple’s versatile iLife suite, an array of editing tools used to manipulate digital photographs and movies for use with classroom presentations and other learning assignments. The computers will also feature the Microsoft Office productivity suite and AirPort Extreme for high-speed, wireless connectivity.
The machines will be powered by the latest Mac OS X operating system–one Cobb County service technicians have touted as secure and largely resistant to crippling computer viruses.
In the event that something does go wrong, the school system’s contract with Apple also includes provisions for the construction of a specially designed service facility staffed by seven full-time Apple technicians and trainers who will work with educators throughout the school system.
The program will require those who use the computers to obtain insurance for damaged or stolen machines. Redden said the insurance will cost $50 per year per machine. He told eSchool News local business leaders have assured him they will make funds available to parents who can’t afford to pay the premiums.
The majority of the four-year lease program will be paid for with funds from a local tax fund approved by voters in 2003. Although the central pieces of the deal are already in place, Cobb County administrators still are on the lookout for a wireless internet service provider to make use of the G4’s additional connectivity.
Not everyone in Cobb County shares Redden’s enthusiasm for the investment. When asked about the opposition, district spokesman Jay Dillon said most objections have centered on the size of the program.
“It sounds like a very large number when you throw out the millions that are being spent on technology,” he said. “But that doesn’t take into account the money we are already spending.” Rather then viewing the project as yet another initiative, Cobb County officials are encouraging parents and other concerned community members to look at Power to Learn as a new means of achieving a longstanding goal. “This isn’t a technology project … that’s not the focus here. It’s a whole new way of teaching and learning,” he said.
To quell lingering concerns, district officials have created a web site to answer questions about the program and are currently holding a series of informational sessions designed to explain how the project will evolve.
So far, large-scale laptop programs in other parts of the country have encountered funding challenges but have had generally positive results.
Back in 2002, Maine became one of the first states in the nation to launch a statewide one-to-one computing initiative. The program–launched in two phases–provided iBooks to 36,000 seventh- and eighth-grade students in 241 public middle schools across the state. Despite receiving high marks from both students and teachers on a mid-year evaluation, program proponents have struggled to secure enough money from the state legislature to move the program into high schools (See story: “Maine laptop program gets high marks in mid-year survey“).
Tight budgets also threaten to derail a similar statewide program currently under way in Michigan (See story: “Michigan signs $68M deal with HP for school laptops“). Dubbed, “Freedom to Learn (FTL),” the $68-million contract with computer-maker Hewlett-Packard seeks to eventually put laptops into the hands of more than 132,000 middle-school students statewide. But the fate of that program is now uncertain as a result of President Bush’s proposed elimination of the $500 million Enhancing Education Through Technology state block grant program.
If federal funding is eliminated, and alternative state and local funding cannot be found, the program would grind to a halt by the summer of 2006, according to Bruce Montgomery, of Ferris State University, executive director of FTL. Currently, 20,457 Michigan students in 185 school buildings are using laptops under FTL, Montgomery reported.
And in Henrico County, educators committed more than $24 million to a similar four-year deal to outfit 24,000 sixth- through twelfth-graders, plus more than 3,000 teachers and every elementary classroom across the district with iBooks. That program was expanded in 2003 despite nagging technical glitches and a few reports of students using their computers to download pornographic images. (See story: “Henrico schools to expand $18.5M laptop program“).
Back in Cobb County, superintendent Redden believes it’s only a matter of time before the technology makes believers out of the opposition. While the technology presents its share of challenges, he says, the potential benefits far outweigh the risks.
“Research shows you can keep adding more and more computer labs and not have much effect on learning,” Redden said. “But when you match each child to his or her own computer, one-to-one, you provide more opportunities for individualized instruction and the results are almost immediate. This generation has grown up in a digital world, and the children acclimate to technology very quickly. It gives many kids a whole new focus on school because the technology makes learning more engaging and interactive, and the fact that it’s wireless means students have access anywhere, anytime.”
Cobb County School District
Cobb County Power to Learn
The Daily Advertiser of Lafayette, La., reports that schools in Iberia Parish are installing a high-speed wireless network for the 2005-06 school year. Detel Communications is doing the installation, which features 21 towers ranging in size from 55 feet to 95 feet. The towers will link up all 36 schools in the parish, as well as school board offices.
cNet’s News.com reports that users of the Firefox Web browser can now download an update to repair security holes, including one that allowed hackers to conduct elaborate phishing scams through spoofed URLs. The update is available at Mozilla.org. The Mozilla Foundation says that an average of 250,000 people are downloading Firefox each day.
West Virginia Gov. Joe Manchin believes distance-learning technology might be the answer to the dilemma of how to expand curricula throughout the state without sacrificing small schools to consolidation.
Manchin, a Democrat who took office in January, said West Virginia First Lady Gayle Manchin and Nancy Sturm, an education technology specialist in the governor’s office, are working on a plan to promote distance-learning initiatives.
“I’m just committed to doing everything I can to preserve the community and rural schools that we have throughout West Virginia,” he said. “That doesn’t mean I’m against consolidation. It just means I’m against consolidation for the fact of building something new and disrupting everyone’s lives and destroying communities.”
The governor said the internet and satellite technology could be used to offer a wider array of classes to students across the state.
“I think you’re going to see a lot more distance learning,” Manchin said.
Linda Martin, director of Challenge West Virginia, a statewide organization of parents, educators, and others committed to maintaining and improving small community schools, said she supports distance learning. Her group is opposed to many consolidation proposals that result in longer bus rides for students.
“I think that that is the answer,” Martin said. “It’s the answer educationally, and it’s the answer economically.”
She said equipping each school with distance-learning technology would cost about $20,000, but it would save millions of dollars in school construction and transportation costs.
“The problem I have is the bus rides,” Sen. Tracy Dempsey, D-Lincoln, said about a plan to consolidate four high schools into one in Lincoln County, W.Va. “I think we have to look at legislation to protect the rural schools. Distance learning is something we really just touched on. I just don’t think we’re doing enough on distance learning.”
Senate Majority Leader Truman Chafin, D-Mingo, said that while consolidation should be a last resort, distance learning might not be the solution for every school. He cited Williamson High School, which is expected to graduate only about 40 students this year.
“You have to have enough students pay for either distance learning or to have the faculty to offer the courses,” he said. “A new school is the nicest place some students go.”
Manchin said even tiny schools could be maintained with distance learning, noting that Pickens School in Randolph County, which has just a few dozen students from kindergarten through high school, performs consistently well academically.
“It’s a win-win-win-win and continues to win,” Manchin said. “If you can preserve a community in a rural setting, you’ve got a child with an identity.”
West Virginia Gov. Joe Manchin
Challenge West Virginia
The New York Times reports on growing concerns over the security of web-based surveillance cameras. Although these cameras are meant to help protect individuals, they can be hacked, and images can be accessed by others on the internet. This is particularly troubling when cameras are set up in locker rooms and other sensitive areas. (Note: This site requires registration.)
The New York Times reports that a panel of state legislators has found the No Child Left Behind Act to be a “flawed, convoluted and unconstitutional” reform intitiative. The report comes on the heels of a year-long study, and it finds that the law undermines school improvement efforts by relying on improper indicators of achievement. (Note: This site requires registration.)