The winners of this grant will design technology-based approaches for improving the results of early intervention or preschool, elementary, or secondary education for children with disabilities. The technology-based approaches must be innovative combinations of new technologies and additional materials and methodologies that enable the technologies to improve educational or early intervention results for children with disabilities. Applicants must present a justification, based on scientific research or theory, that supports the potential effectiveness of the proposed approach. Results studied under this priority must focus on child outcomes, rather than on parent or professional outcomes. Child outcomes can include improved academic or pre-academic skills, improved behavioral or social functioning, improved functional performance, et cetera. Valid and reliable measurement instruments must be employed to reach the outcomes. Money will be awarded both to develop new technologies and to research already-developed technologies.