Officials at the U.S. Department of Education (ED) have released new guidance that further clarifies the roles of states and districts in implementing the supplemental educational services (SES) requirements under the No Child Left Behind Act. “This updated guidance provides important information for states, districts, and providers about their roles and responsibilities for implementing and participating in [SES],” said Education Secretary Margaret Spellings. “We hope it enables more families to access high-quality [SES] programs and helps schools across the country close the achievement gap.” New information clarifies the steps that states and districts must take when a district is identified as “in need of improvement” and can no longer be a service provider, and revised language makes clear that some teachers can be hired by SES providers, even if they work in a school or district that is in need of improvement. The updated guidance also includes a model parent letter, which was added to help districts inform parents of the opportunity to enroll their children in free tutoring services. In addition, the resource includes information about the use of incentives by providers and how a district can fairly select providers to work in its schools, as well as how districts must spend the full 20 percent of their federal Title I, Part A funding on SES and school choice if the demand exists.