The Washington Post reports that private colleges fired a shot across the bow of an education proposal that aims to keep tabs on institutions of higher learning through a new database of student records. The controversial plan would force colleges to be more accountable to the public, and would require the release of information such as enrollment figures, financial aid percentages, as well as graduation, transfer, and dropout rates. While the data would come from individual students, supporters say that their identity would be protected. The plan was recently given a boost when Education Secretary Margaret Spellings released a draft report supporting the plan. The National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities has released a survey reporting that 62 percent of the respondents oppose a federal data-collection effort, with 45 percent strongly against…