Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) faculty voted unanimously March 18 to make the school's scholarly research available for free on the internet, joining other noted universities that hope to encourage more scholarship and expand researchers' audiences.

MIT's approval of open access was driven partly by the rising cost of scholarly journals. In recent years, even the richest American universities have cut back on journal subscriptions that can cost as much as $20,000 annually, open-access experts said.

The open-access movement aims to put peer-reviewed research and literature on the internet for free and remove most copyright restrictions. Advocates believe this will invigorate more


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