Riding the coattails of a historic health care vote, the House on March 21 also passed a broad reorganization of college aid that affects millions of students and moves President Barack Obama closer to winning yet another of his top domestic policies.
The bill rewrites a four-decades-old student loan program, eliminating its reliance on private lenders and using the savings to direct $36 billion in new spending to Pell Grants for students in financial need.
In the biggest piece of education legislation since No Child Left Behind nine years ago, the bill also would provide more than $4 billion to historically black colleges and community colleges.
The bill was paired with the expedited health care bill, a marriage of convenience that helped the prospects of each measure. That combined measure passed 220-211.
“We are pairing this historic health reform with another opportunity that cannot be missed—the chance to make the single largest investment in college affordability ever at no cost to the taxpayers,” said Rep. George Miller, D-Calif.
The Senate will take up the bill next week under the same expedited rules used for the health care legislation. That means the Senate can pass the education measure by a simple majority, virtually guaranteeing its success despite qualms from some Democrats and opposition from Republicans.
House lawmakers passed the bill last year, but in the Senate it did not have 60 votes to overcome a near certain filibuster. By riding shotgun on the fast-track health care bill, the legislation now can avoid that obstacle.
Still, Obama won’t get the Pell Grant expansion he initially sought. Congressional Democrats had to trim their original spending plans when the 10-year projected savings realized by switching to direct government loans dropped from $87 billion to $61 billion.
Private lenders had conducted an all-out lobbying effort against the bill, arguing it would cost thousands of jobs and unnecessarily put the program in the hands of the government.
America’s Student Loan Providers, a trade group representing lenders, called for the Senate to reject the measure.
“This is not the final chapter,” the group said in a statement.
Under the college lending program, financial institutions provide college loans at low interest rates, while the government guarantees the loans in the event of default and subsidizes private lenders when necessary to keep rates low.
“By moving to the federal government’s direct loan program, we will put the best interests of students first and make college loans more reliable and affordable,” said Rep. Ruben Hinojosa, D-Texas, the chairman of a House higher-education subcommittee.
In addition to using the projected $61 billion in savings from that change for Pell Grants and higher-education institutions, the legislation would direct about $19 billion for deficit reduction and to offset expenses in the health care legislation.
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