The GOP plan isn’t actual legislation. Instead, under the arcane congressional budget process, the measure sketches out a nonbinding blueprint each year for running the government. The resolution doesn’t require the president’s signature, but it does set the framework for changes to spending or tax policy in follow-up legislation.

The most immediate impact of the GOP plan would be to cut the $1 trillion-plus budget for appropriated programs next year by $30 billion, following on $38 billion in cuts just adopted. That would return domestic agency accounts below levels when George W. Bush left office.

The Democratic-controlled Senate has yet to produce its alternative plan.