For many in New York and Washington, D.C., Sept. 11, 2001, was a personal experience, an attack on their cities. Most everywhere else in the world, it was a television event.
TV’s commemoration as the 10th anniversary of the event approaches puts that day in many different contexts. There is one place, however, for people to see the Sept. 11 attacks and the week after as they unfolded, without any filters.
The Internet Archive, a California-based organization that collects audio, moving images, and web pages for historical purposes, has put together a television news archive of that day’s coverage.
More than 20 channels were recorded, with more than 3,000 hours of television. Besides major U.S. networks like ABC, CBS, CNN, and NBC, the Internet Archive has posted online TV recordings from Moscow, Paris, London, Baghdad, Tokyo, Ottawa, and elsewhere.
Called “Understanding 9/11,” the site is available at http://www.archive.org/details/911/day.
The material is valuable to researchers and educators, but the Internet Archive wanted to make it easy to use so the general public can go back and see what that day was like, said Brewster Kahle, the organization’s director.
“It is one of the top four or five events that have happened on television,” Kahle said. “You can think of putting a man on the moon, the Watergate hearings, the Kennedy assassination. I’m hopeful that people will come to this and make their own decisions about how they want to think about it, as opposed to politicians who have been pushing and pulling the event for years.”
The archive begins at 8 a.m. ET, or 46 minutes before American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center.
That alone is interesting for the striking contrast it provides with the last seemingly carefree moments before several tough years. On NBC’s “Today” show, Katie Couric talks brightly of “a beautiful fall morning in Manhattan,” and the camera pans to a cheering crowd. Charles Gibson mocks his “Good Morning America” colleague Diane Sawyer for writing notes on her hand, and ABC’s Claire Shipman said the biggest news in Washington was Michael Jordan giving hints he might return to the basketball court.
Out of a commercial late in the morning shows, even cutting one commercial short on CNN, suddenly came camera shots of a burning World Trade Center, ones that would dominate screens for several hours.
Newscasters were careful before the story became clear. Matt Lauer initially called it an “accident.” Morning shows effectively used phone calls from eyewitnesses adding details beyond the faraway camera shots. “It’s mind-boggling and it’s horrifying,” one witness, Jennifer Oberstein, told Lauer.
Then came one of many unthinkable moments: a second plane darting into pictures and crashing into the second tower, exploding in a fireball and falling debris.