3. The use of Socratic seminar (Social Studies)

In this instance, during a Socratic seminar, students have a venue to practice articulating their thoughts, gaining cognitive flexibility, and evaluating concepts they are learning about in a realistic, active, and social setting.

Methods such as simulations and case studies will also facilitate the instructional shifts needed for social science studies, said Glick.

4. The use of Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) (Math)

This method, developed by the University of Wisconsin-Madison, encourages students to reason for themselves without simply using a generic formula to solve almost identical problems.

CGI problems are usually real-world-based, ask students to publicly justify and explain their solution, and require teachers to open up their instruction to students’ original ideas and to guide each student according to his or her own developmental level and turn of reasoning.

Glick said methods for science will soon be announced, but she knows they will include inquiry, problem-based learning, and solving problems through design.

“It’s important to remember this: The brain becomes what it does,” Glick concluded.