Does research support flipped learning?

FLIP Pillars

As well as identifying key methods of learning, experienced educators also identified four essential elements of flipped learning, or unified themes identified as the “four pillars of F-L-I-P”:

1. Flexible Environments: With flipped learning, educators often physically rearrange their learning space to accommodate the lesson or unit, which might involve group work or independent study, says the Review. Educators are also flexible in their expectations of student timelines for learning and how students are assessed.

2. Learning Culture: In the flipped learning model, there is a “deliberate shift from a teacher-centered classroom to a student-centered approach, where in-class time is meant for exploring topics in greater depth and creating richer learning opportunities through various student-centered pedagogies,” according to the Review. Students are actively involved in their own learning in a way that is “personally meaningful.”

3. Intentional Content: Educators who practice flipped learning believe the model is able to help students “gain conceptual understanding, as well as procedural fluency. They evaluate what they need to teach and what materials student should explore on their own,” notes the Review.

4. Professional Educators: During class time, teachers observe their students, providing them with feedback relevant in the moment and assessing their work. “While professional educators remain very important, they take on less visibly prominent roles in the flipped classroom,” according to the Review.

The full Literature Review, “A Review of Flipped Learning,” includes a more in-depth review of the research base upon which the flipped learning model is built; how the model serves diverse student populations; and the role of technology. The Review also provides an analysis of implementations and results in K-12 school and institutes of higher education.

The Review also addresses shifting attitudes towards flipped learning by educators, administrators, students and parents, and discusses the concerns about the flipped learning model.

A shorter version of the Literature Review is provided in a white paper.

Meris Stansbury

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