On July 30, Republican Sen. Orin Hatch of Utah and Democratic Sen. Edward Markey of Massachusetts introduced the “Protecting Student Privacy Act,” which intends to bring FERPA into the era of Big Data.
“Students may well have more of their personal data stored by third parties than anyone, and the widespread storage of this information puts students at risk that this data could fall into the wrong hands,” Hatch said in a press release.
“This legislation establishes security safeguards to ensure greater transparency and access to stored information for students and parents. Further, it includes a provision banning data mining for marketing or advertising purposes and other common-sense protections.”
The act requires transparency about outside parities who have access to student data; minimizes the amount of information schools can share that is personally identifiable; gives parents access to personal information about their children that is held by private companies, and provides for corrections if in error; and calls for private companies to delete personally identifiable information when it’s no longer needed for a specific purpose.
Zach Williams, director of communications for the Ogden School District in Utah, said his understanding of the new act is that it enhances FERPA, taking it from the age of paper documents to modern technology.
“Technology advances so quickly that it’s hard to write legislation that keeps up with advances,” he said. “I think this act appears to be reiterating that even if it’s a third party that has information, they still need to follow FERPA guidelines, which is something that we take very seriously already.”
Williams added: “The part I really like, as a parent, are the restrictions on advertising or marketing using student data. That’s something that really is important.”
The family advocacy group Common Sense Media supports the legislation, calling it “a step forward for fostering student privacy while permitting ed-tech innovation.”
Schools are “collecting massive amounts of sensitive student data, from test scores and assignments to disciplinary and demographic records,” said the group’s CEO, Jim Steyer, in a statement. “We share the bill’s goal of strengthening [FERPA] to help ensure that schools and the private ed-tech companies they work with protect students’ personal information and have appropriate practices for data security, use, destruction, and parental access.”
Common Sense Media’s “School Privacy Zone” campaign recommends three ideals for safeguarding student privacy: (1) students’ personal information should be used only for educational purposes; (2) students’ personal information and online activity should not be used to target advertising to students or families; (3) ed-tech providers should have appropriate data security policies in place.
Before checking a box agreeing to the terms of a software license, school leaders should carefully read the fine print to understand what they’re agreeing to—and they should make sure the agreement prohibits the company from using any data for non-educational purposes.
inBloom officials claimed to have followed these guidelines, but it didn’t matter in the end—which suggests the need for school leaders to talk openly about privacy and address parents’ concerns proactively, before it’s too late.
The need for better communication with parents is underscored by a recent study from Fordham University’s Center on Law and Information Policy, which found that 95 percent of schools use cloud services for data hosting and/or mining—but only a quarter of schools have notified parents that they use these services.
If there is a positive lesson to come out of the inBloom situation, “it’s yes, you have to have best practices in place,” said Keith Krueger, chief executive officer or the Consortium for School Networking. “But if you can’t communicate that to your community, it all falls apart.”
Material from the Standard-Examiner (Ogden, Utah) and the Virginian-Pilot (Norfolk, Va.) was used in this report. (c) 2014; distributed by MCT Information Services.
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