How to support literacy in the classroom, part 1

Giving students choices promotes engagement and excitement in reading

Today, 25 million children in the United States are not proficient readers. While this is, indeed, a crisis, it’s one that I firmly believe we can solve. Reading is the fundamental building block required for life’s journey. From being college ready to launching a successful career or even managing personal finances, every child must first learn to read.

Reading opens doors to a whole world of possibilities. It prepares kids to take advantage of limitless opportunities and gives them the confidence to strive. Today, reading has stiff competition for our children’s attention, from instant access to all forms of media to more time spent on social platforms. The first step in helping children on a path to literacy and future success is to focus on ways to excite and engage them in the joy and satisfaction of reading.

The importance of book ownership and the ability of children to have a choice in the books they select are directly tied to reading motivation, confidence, and performance. In fact, Reading Is Fundamental (RIF) commissioned an independent meta-analysis in 2010 that found that giving children access to print materials is associated with positive behavioral, educational, and psychological outcomes. The report concluded that access to print improves children’s reading performance, is instrumental to helping children learn the basics of reading, increases reading frequency and length, and improves attitudes toward reading and learning.

At RIF, our model for impact is to provide choice and access to books along with engagement opportunities for these children and the educators, parents, and caregivers that nurture them. When kids are empowered to select their own books, it increases the likelihood they’ll actually read the book. The simple truth is that if children have access to books and literacy resources and the option to choose the books they want to read, they are more engaged. For example, if a student is passionate about wildlife and could select reading materials grounded in science and nature, this choice might spark an interest or ignite a passion that shapes the child’s future path. And, because they are learning to read, that passion can turn into reality.

(Next page: How to support literacy in the classroom)

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