With Google and a few hours of research time, you can find an array of studies that confirm how a novel event that interrupts a familiar context increases our ability to recall information. Once you understand this phenomenon, the next question is whether or not the surprise can come from an intended and purposeful source, rather than by chance. The short answer is yes. Several studies in controlled settings have tested the effect that surprising events play in an otherwise normal learning environment. In each case, memory and recollection improved when novel events were interjected.
4 ways to bring surprise to the classroom
Are there ways in which educators can structure their lessons to take advantage of the element of surprise? Again, the answer is yes. Dr. Willis suggests several ways that teachers can use surprise to bring students’ brains to attention and illuminate the pathways to memory storage:
- Introduce lessons while wearing a funny hat or an elaborate costume.
- Have students read stories in a new environment, such as a circle of bean bags or outside on the grass.
- Invite parents and local volunteers to present information or concepts with a refreshing perspective.
- Music, games, hands-on activities, friendly competitions, and project-based learning are effective ways to increase students’ knowledge retention.
Some of the most successful and celebrated early-ed teachers embrace the pedagogical power of novelty. They have bright and colorful classrooms with creative, open seating. They have built a culture of fun, imagination, and sometimes their own language; they single out their students with special nicknames, handwritten notes, or frequent eye-contact conversations to let them know they are loved and important. If you think of your favorite elementary-school teacher, chances are good they often broke the pattern of the familiar.
Today, Alive Studios embraces the element of surprise, along with a multi-modal and cross-curricular approach, to motivate early learners to become proficient in math and literacy. In Letters alive, each letter of the alphabet is coupled with an animal that springs to life in 3D and interacts with children as they control its actions by building sentences with sight words. This eye-popping experience has kids giggling, squealing, and laughing as they recite the letters, words, and simple sentences.
In our modern world, children are peppered with visual and auditory stimuli from 500+ channels on TV, bottomless music sources, hundreds of thousands of mobile apps, and endless posts on social-media feeds. In order to capture our kids’ attention, we have to surprise them as much as they surprise us.
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