Last year, Chemawa Middle School faced a huge literacy need. We are a Title I school in Riverside, Calif., and state assessment data showed that 62 percent of our 907 students did not meet grade-level standards. The NWEA MAP assessments indicated severe readability issues: 19 percent of students scored at a Kindergarten or first-grade Lexile level. The data was overwhelming, as it revealed that many students read at least two or more grade levels beneath grade-level benchmarks.

After analyzing that data, we were determined to personalize reading and writing to meet the needs of our student population, 68 percent of whom...

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  • About the Author:

    Raúl Ayala is the principal at Chemawa Middle School in Riverside, Calif.